Ben Franklin's Lightning Rod

 *

Finding Out About Electricity

In the mid-eighteenth century, Benjamin Franklin thought that lightning was electricity. He thought that, because the color was similar, the way it crackling was like the electricity in his lab. Franklin decided to do an experiment. During a thunderstorm he got a kite and tied a key to it, he then held the silk string and felt an electric current. The only witness of the experiment was his son, William. Later in his life Benjamin Franklin did many other electronic experiments.


Making the Lightning Rod    

At that time lightning caused many fires. During storms lightning struck churches and other tall buildings. Franklin thought he could neutralized. If lightning was electricity than metal was a great conductor because electricity went through metal. He believed that if a conductor would be elevated and connected to the ground, lightning would strike the rod instead of the building and then the electric current would go through the metal rod and into the ground. 

He developed a pointed rod 8 to 10 feet long. The other end had a metal cable connected to it. The rod was connected to the side of the building. The end of the  cable was buried about 10 feet underground. When the lightning struck it hit the top of the metal rod, the electric current goes through the rod into the cable and down into the ground.  The lightning rod is still used today.    

Lightning Rods Today

Currently lightning rods are made of copper. Copper is a better conductor for electricity and causes less fires. In cities in Pennselvania you can still find original Ben Franklin lightning rods. In Philadelphia there are Lightning Rods handmade by Ben Franklin. The old Lightning Rods are dusty and green from 










Interesting Links


Other Ben Franklin Inventions 
Ben Franklin Lightning Rod at Franklin Institute
Wikipedia, the Lightning Rod  
US History Ben Franklin 











  
 
       Inventions are very important for these reasons. We need inventions to eat. People make inventions like toasters and blenders to cook. Without inventions animals would hunt us. People make weapons to defend themselves. People made inventions to protect themselves from weather. We made homes were we live. Inventions has had an important impact on our us.


       Inventions had a big impact on history. When Thomas Alva Edison invented the light bulb millions of people started using it. Edison made many things and lots of people still use it TODAY. The invention of guns made hunts easier. They are still used for hunting and in wars. Inventions are very important for humans.